It was a highly literate society, soon developing an alphabet called Geez, and it is from the language Geez that modern Tigringya, the language of Tigrai has evolved.Christianity was introduced in the fourth century to this to the kingdom of Axum.
Saho, Afar, Kunam and Agew are also spoken by the respective communities.
Tigringya has its own alphabet which is derived from Geez.
Some other major cities and towns besides Mek'ele, in Tigrai include Abiy Addi, Adigrat, Adwa, Aksum, Humera, Inda Selassie, Intichow, Korem, Alamata, Maychew, Wukro, Kuha, and Zalambessa.
With a total population of 6.2 million which is about 8% of the total population of Ethiopia,, 85% of which live in the rural areas.
Tigrinya has been suppressed in Ethiopia until the country changed rulers in 1991.